캐나다 보건부가 연말을 맞아 안전에 대해 상기시키고 각 분야별로 안전유의사항을 권고했다.
전등을 이용한 장식을 사용할 때는 허가받은 규격의 표지가 있는 전등을 사용하고 실내용과 실외용에 대해 구분하며 전등과 전선 등 모든 부분을 점검하고 잠자리에 들기 전에는 소등할 것을 주문했다.
연말 나무를 이용한 장식에서는 생나무를 구입하면 신선한지 확인하고 매일 수분을 공급하며 사람이 붐비는 곳이나 온난방시설에서 격리하고 플라스틱이나 무연금속의 장식조각을 사용하며 아동들을 장식물에서 떨어뜨리라고 권고했다.
어린이를 위한 장난감과 선물을 고를 때에도 제품의 안전성에 중점을 두고 선택하며 촛불을 사용할 때는 화재 발생에 대해 특히 유의하라고 당부했다.
Holiday lights and lighted decorations
- Use lights that have the mark of an accredited certification agency, such as CSA, cUL or cETL.
- Light strings and other lighted decorations, such as wreaths and reindeer, are rated for either indoor or outdoor use. Ensure that indoor lights and decorations are used only inside. Read the instructions on the package and do not exceed the recommended wattage.
- Check all light bulbs, light strings and cords. Replace broken or burned-out bulbs, and discard any light strings or cords that are frayed, or that have exposed wires or loose connections.
- Turn off holiday lights, lighted decorations, pre-lit trees and decorations before you go to bed or leave your home.
- Check the Healthy Canadians Recalls and Safety Alerts Database before buying or using seasonal lights, as some may have been recalled.
Holiday trees and decorations
- When buying a real tree, make sure it's fresh and water it daily.
- Keep trees away from high traffic areas, heating vents, radiators, stoves, fireplaces and burning candles.
- Choose tinsel, ornaments, artificial icicles and other trimmings made of plastic or non-leaded metals.
- Don't let children put decorations in their mouths, as some may be easily swallowed and harmful to their health.
- Keep metal, sharp or breakable tree ornaments, and those with small removable parts or button batteries, away from young children.
Toys and gifts
- Toys can be recalled for health or safety reasons. Check the Healthy Canadians Recalls and Safety Alerts Database for more information about the latest recalls.
- Buy age-appropriate toys. Toys for older children may contain small parts or other hazards that may make them unsafe for young children.
- Read and follow the labels, warnings, safety messages and other instructions that come with a toy.
- Purchase sturdy, well-made toys that come with contact information for the manufacturer or importer.
- Ensure that batteries are properly installed by an adult and not accessible to children.
- Make sure that button batteries (often found in musical greeting cards, small electronic devices, children's books and flashing jewellery) stay securely in the products. Look for products with battery compartments that prevent easy access. Button batteries are small enough to be swallowed and can cause serious internal injuries in as little as two hours.
- Supervise children at play and teach them to use their new toys safely.
- Promptly remove and discard all toy packaging like plastic bags, plastic wrap, foam, staples, ties and protective film. A child can suffocate or choke on some of these items.
- Keep burning candles away from materials that can catch fire like curtains, decorations, Christmas trees and clothing.
- Do not leave candles burning with no one in the room and extinguish all candles before you go to sleep or leave your home.
- Keep burning candles out of reach of children and pets.
- Trim candle wicks to a height of 5-7 mm (1/4 inch) before lighting the candle and trim them again every 2-3 hours to prevent high flames.
- Use well ventilated candle holders that are sturdy and will not tip over. Avoid wooden or plastic holders, as these can catch fire. Use caution with glass candle holders, which can break when they get too hot.